Definition and the types of migration. Theories of migration:- the push-pull model; Lees model, intervening obstacles; intervening opportunity; distance decay.
A study of the causes to consider physical, economic, social, cultural and political processes. The consequences of migratory flows to analyse the economic, environmental, social and cultural impact.
Candidates need to study one case from the MEDW and one case from the LEDW. One of these case studies must provide an opportunity to consider international migratory flows. The attitudes and values related to migratory flows are to be considered.