Introduction | Globalisation | Population | Resources | Agriculture | Tourism | Trade | Planning | E-Commerce and Eco-developments
Explaining Economic Geography

As with all virtually all definitions in academia there 'is no clear, concise definition' of Economic Geography. However, rather than to present to you a range of different summaries I will concise and introduce the common elements of economic geography.


"Definitions Change with time, economies change with space."  Add these two proverbs together and we can come to conceptualize economic geography.
Economic Geography essentially deals with the relationship between the economy and space. It focuses on different economic sectors on different scales, the changes over different time periods and the effects of economic activities on space (in terms on environmental, political, technological and yes, economic!!).
Another way to look at the definition of economic geography is to break down 'Economic Geography' and produce almost a mathmatical representation in a word formula. Therefore:
We can clarify that Economics is defined as:
  • the study of human activities in persuit of wants
  • the principles governing allocation of resources among competing means

However, not all aspects of economics concern geography since geography is the science of space and doesn't need to get involved with topics such as (yawn!) accountancy. Therefore, geography only alligns itself with the spatial context of economics.

There are many key topics you will cover when you study economic geography but the key ones for 16-19 education (in the UK) are as follows...
  • Part 1: Introduction: Definition.
  • Part 2: World Development
  • Part 3: Agriculture
  • Part 4: Resources
  • Part 5: Tourism
  • Part 6: Trade (Global, National and Domestic)
  • Part 7: Globalisation
  • Part 8: E-commerce and latest developments in Economic Geography
  • Part 9: Summary and Tips


The next sections will look at each sub-topic, drawing upon relevent case-studies, material and statistics to produce a broad understanding of how tht topic relates to economic geography.

'...the principles and processes associated with the spatial allocation of resouces and the spatial patterns and consequences resulting from such actions.'
Alternatively, it can be assumed that economic geographers '...study the principles governing the spatial allocation of resources and the resulting consequences'.

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Ricky Creed* Cheltenham* Gloucestershire* UK * creedr@gloscat.ac.uk